Balwyn North

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Balwyn North
Melbourne, Victoria
Population 21,314 (2015)[1]
Postcode(s) 3104
Area 9.0 km2[2]
Location 10 km from Melbourne
LGA(s) Boroondara
LGA ward Bellevue, Maranoa
State electorate(s) Kew
Federal Division(s) Kooyong
Suburbs around Balwyn North:
Ivanhoe East Bulleen Doncaster
Kew East Balwyn North Mont Albert North
Kew Balwyn Mont Albert North


Balwyn North, also known as North Balwyn, is a suburb 10 kilometres east of Melbourne located in the northern part of Boroondara.

Etymology

The name 'Balwyn' is derived from the name of an estate near the south-west corner of present-day Balwyn and Whitehorse Roads. It was named by its owner, Andrew Murray, in 1858. The name combined the Gaelic bal and the Saxon wyn to create Balwyn meaning 'home of the vine'. The area of Balwyn North was probably named around the 1910s when suburban housing development began with the extension of the tram along Doncaster Road.[3]

History

The term 'North Balwyn' first appears in the late 1910s and early 1920s to refer to farm allotments in the area.[4] However, its boundaries and nature remained unclear for some years, with the area being referred to as part of Balwyn or 'North Camberwell'.[5]

With the extension of the tram to Burke Road and subsequently Balwyn Road in 1938, development in the area increased dramatically.[6] By 1945, suburban subdivisions had reached the intersection of Balwyn and Doncaster Roads.[7] Melbourne's Post-War development and population boom continued this surge of construction well into the 1950s.

The Balwyn North and Greythorn Post Offices were opened in 1941 and 1951 respectively to cater for the growing number of people living in the area.[8]

Geography

The topography of Balwyn North is hilly. Doncaster Road follows some of the ridgeline of the principal hill in the centre of the suburb, which plateaus out for some time before falling towards Koonung Creek to the north and east. Greythorn Park is the highest point in Balwyn North.

Education

Primary

Secondary

Transport

The number of people using cars for travel to work is around the average for Victoria but higher than the average for the rest of Boroonodara. Bus travel features prominently, with 6.1 percent mode share, but cycling is significantly below both the Boroondara and Victorian averages with a mode share of 0.6 percent.[9][10]

Tram

Bus

Bicycle

The Koonung Creek Trail runs along the northern and eastern boundaries of the suburb. A number of minor local paths also exist, such as the in Macleay Park and the Jacka Street Trail. Balwyn Road also has bicycle lanes connecting Balwyn to Balwyn North and Canterbury Railway Station.

Road

Major thoroughfares are predominantly east-west routes to service citybound traffic. Doncaster Road is the main road, carrying traffic through to the City of Manningham to the east. Balwyn Road serves as the main north-south road with Belmore and Greythorn Roads also providing principal routes for traffic.


References

  1. Australian Bureau of Statistics. Balwyn North (SA2). 30 March 2016. http://stat.data.abs.gov.au/Index.aspx?DatasetCode=ERP_QUARTERLY#, accessed: 10 February 2017
  2. profile.id. About the profile areas: Balwyn North. http://profile.id.com.au/boroondara/about/?WebID=120, accessed: 10 February 2017
  3. eMelbourne. Balwyn - Place. July 2008. School of Historical & Philosophical Studies, University of Melbourne. http://www.emelbourne.net.au/biogs/EM00150b.htm
  4. The Argus. Classified Advertising. 1 April 1922. http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4674500, accessed: 25 October 2017
  5. The Age. Advertising. 4 April 1923. http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article204070318, accessed: 25 October 2017
  6. The Age. Camberwell Areas - Great Building Increase. 25 July 1939. http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article204934053, accessed: 25 October 2017
  7. State Library of Victoria. Melbourne 1945. 1945. http://1945.melbourne/, accessed: 13 November 2017
  8. Premier Postal Auctions. Post Office List. https://www.premierpostal.com/cgi-bin/wsProd.sh/Viewpocdwrapper.p?SortBy=VIC&country=, accessed: 13 November 2017
  9. Australian Bureau of Statistics. 2011 Census QuickStats: Balwyn Norh (SSC). 28 March 2013. Canberra: ABS. http://www.censusdata.abs.gov.au/census_services/getproduct/census/2011/quickstat/SSC20067, accessed: 2 May 2017
  10. Australian Bureau of Statistics. Balwyn North - method of travel to work. 28 March 2013. profile.id. http://profile.id.com.au/boroondara/travel-to-work?BMID=10&WebID=120, accessed: 2 May 2017